Genotique Nutrition Inc. is committed to maintaining the highest scientific standards, and we are continuously reviewing the literature to ensure we are up-to-date with the latest research. Below is our current list of references for the studies used to select the genetic markers in our personalized myGTQ reports. We performed an in-depth and extensive review of the literature in diet, exercise, health and nutrigenomics to select the strongest evidence to support our recommendations.

Our protocol to assess scientific strength includes evaluating the size of population studied, replication of the findings, the ethnicity of the cohort(s), and the results of any meta-analyses. The effect from the genetic polymorphisms we select must also be modifiable by diet or lifestyle to be included in our reports. We will be continuously updating this list and improving our reports and recommendations as the research continues to grow.

Ahmetov, II, D. N. Gavrilov, I. V. Astratenkova, A. M. Druzhevskaya, A. V. Malinin, E. E. Romanova, and V. A. Rogozkin. 2013. ‘The association of ACE, ACTN3 and PPARA gene variants with strength phenotypes in middle school-age children’, J Physiol Sci, 63: 79-85.

Ahmetov, II, V. A. Naumov, A. E. Donnikov, A. Maciejewska-Karlowska, E. S. Kostryukova, A. K. Larin, E. V. Maykova, D. G. Alexeev, O. N. Fedotovskaya, E. V. Generozov, Z. Jastrzebski, P. Zmijewski, O. A. Kravtsova, N. A. Kulemin, A. Leonska-Duniec, D. S. Martykanova, E. A. Ospanova, A. V. Pavlenko, A. A. Podol’skaya, M. Sawczuk, F. K. Alimova, D. Y. Trofimov, V. M. Govorun, and P. Cieszczyk. 2014. ‘SOD2 gene polymorphism and muscle damage markers in elite athletes’, Free Radic Res, 48: 948-55.

Ahmetov, II, O. L. Vinogradova, and A. G. Williams. 2012. ‘Gene polymorphisms and fiber-type composition of human skeletal muscle’, Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 22: 292-303.

Ahn, J., D. Albanes, S. I. Berndt, U. Peters, N. Chatterjee, N. D. Freedman, C. C. Abnet, W. Y. Huang, A. S. Kibel, E. D. Crawford, S. J. Weinstein, S. J. Chanock, A. Schatzkin, R. B. Hayes, Lung Colorectal Prostate, and Team Ovarian Trial Project. 2009. ‘Vitamin D-related genes, serum vitamin D concentrations and prostate cancer risk’, Carcinogenesis, 30: 769-76.

Ahn, J., K. Yu, R. Stolzenberg-Solomon, K. C. Simon, M. L. McCullough, L. Gallicchio, E. J. Jacobs, A. Ascherio, K. Helzlsouer, K. B. Jacobs, Q. Li, S. J. Weinstein, M. Purdue, J. Virtamo, R. Horst, W. Wheeler, S. Chanock, D. J. Hunter, R. B. Hayes, P. Kraft, and D. Albanes. 2010. ‘Genome-wide association study of circulating vitamin D levels’, Hum Mol Genet, 19: 2739-45.

Akhmetov, II, A. M. Khakimullina, D. V. Popov, S. S. Missina, O. L. Vinogradova, and V. A. Rogozkin. 2008. ‘[Polymorphism of the vascular endothelial growth factor gene (VEGF) and aerobic performance in athletes]’, Fiziol Cheloveka, 34: 97-101.

Akimoto, A. K., A. L. Miranda-Vilela, P. C. Alves, L. C. Pereira, G. S. Lordelo, O. Hiragi Cde, I. C. da Silva, C. K. Grisolia, and N. Klautau-Guimaraes Mde. 2010. ‘Evaluation of gene polymorphisms in exercise-induced oxidative stress and damage’, Free Radic Res, 44: 322-31.

Allen, K. J., L. C. Gurrin, C. C. Constantine, N. J. Osborne, M. B. Delatycki, A. J. Nicoll, C. E. McLaren, M. Bahlo, A. E. Nisselle, C. D. Vulpe, G. J. Anderson, M. C. Southey, G. G. Giles, D. R. English, J. L. Hopper, J. K. Olynyk, L. W. Powell, and D. M. Gertig. 2008. ‘Iron-overload-related disease in HFE hereditary hemochromatosis’, N Engl J Med, 358: 221-30.

Ameur, A., S. Enroth, A. Johansson, G. Zaboli, W. Igl, A. C. Johansson, M. A. Rivas, M. J. Daly, G. Schmitz, A. A. Hicks, T. Meitinger, L. Feuk, C. van Duijn, B. Oostra, P. P. Pramstaller, I. Rudan, A. F. Wright, J. F. Wilson, H. Campbell, and U. Gyllensten. 2012. ‘Genetic adaptation of fatty-acid metabolism: a human-specific haplotype increasing the biosynthesis of long-chain omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids’, Am J Hum Genet, 90: 809-20.

Amorim, C. E., K. Nunes, D. Meyer, D. Comas, M. C. Bortolini, F. M. Salzano, and T. Hunemeier. 2017. ‘Genetic signature of natural selection in first Americans’, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 114: 2195-99.

Andersen, J. L., P. Schjerling, and B. Saltin. 2000. ‘Muscle, genes and athletic performance’, Sci Am, 283: 48-55.

Andreasen, C. H., K. L. Stender-Petersen, M. S. Mogensen, S. S. Torekov, L. Wegner, G. Andersen, A. L. Nielsen, A. Albrechtsen, K. Borch-Johnsen, S. S. Rasmussen, J. O. Clausen, A. Sandbaek, T. Lauritzen, L. Hansen, T. Jorgensen, O. Pedersen, and T. Hansen. 2008. ‘Low physical activity accentuates the effect of the FTO rs9939609 polymorphism on body fat accumulation’, Diabetes, 57: 95-101.

Aung, T., J. Halsey, D. Kromhout, H. C. Gerstein, R. Marchioli, L. Tavazzi, J. M. Geleijnse, B. Rauch, A. Ness, P. Galan, E. Y. Chew, J. Bosch, R. Collins, S. Lewington, J. Armitage, R. Clarke, and Collaboration Omega-3 Treatment Trialists. 2018. ‘Associations of Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplement Use With Cardiovascular Disease Risks: Meta-analysis of 10 Trials Involving 77917 Individuals’, JAMA Cardiol.

Bailey, L. B., and J. F. Gregory, 3rd. 1999. ‘Folate metabolism and requirements’, J Nutr, 129: 779-82.

Barry, E. L., J. R. Rees, J. L. Peacock, L. A. Mott, C. I. Amos, R. M. Bostick, J. C. Figueiredo, D. J. Ahnen, R. S. Bresalier, C. A. Burke, and J. A. Baron. 2014. ‘Genetic variants in CYP2R1, CYP24A1, and VDR modify the efficacy of vitamin D3 supplementation for increasing serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in a randomized controlled trial’, J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 99: E2133-7.

Bartoshuk, L. M., V. B. Duffy, and I. J. Miller. 1994. ‘PTC/PROP tasting: anatomy, psychophysics, and sex effects’, Physiol Behav, 56: 1165-71.

Baturin, A. K., A. V. Pogozheva, EIu Sorokina, O. N. Makurina, and V. A. Tutel’ian. 2012. ‘[The Trp64Arg polymorphism of beta3-adrenoreceptor gene study in persons with overweight and obesity]’, Vopr Pitan, 81: 23-7.

Baumert, P., M. J. Lake, C. E. Stewart, B. Drust, and R. M. Erskine. 2016. ‘Genetic variation and exercise-induced muscle damage: implications for athletic performance, injury and ageing’, Eur J Appl Physiol, 116: 1595-625.

Benyamin, B., M. A. Ferreira, G. Willemsen, S. Gordon, R. P. Middelberg, B. P. McEvoy, J. J. Hottenga, A. K. Henders, M. J. Campbell, L. Wallace, I. H. Frazer, A. C. Heath, E. J. de Geus, D. R. Nyholt, P. M. Visscher, B. W. Penninx, D. I. Boomsma, N. G. Martin, G. W. Montgomery, and J. B. Whitfield. 2009. ‘Common variants in TMPRSS6 are associated with iron status and erythrocyte volume’, Nat Genet, 41: 1173-5.

Benyamin, B., A. F. McRae, G. Zhu, S. Gordon, A. K. Henders, A. Palotie, L. Peltonen, N. G. Martin, G. W. Montgomery, J. B. Whitfield, and P. M. Visscher. 2009. ‘Variants in TF and HFE explain approximately 40% of genetic variation in serum-transferrin levels’, Am J Hum Genet, 84: 60-5.

Bishop, P. A., E. Jones, and A. K. Woods. 2008. ‘Recovery from training: a brief review: brief review’, J Strength Cond Res, 22: 1015-24.

Bray, M. S., J. M. Hagberg, L. Perusse, T. Rankinen, S. M. Roth, B. Wolfarth, and C. Bouchard. 2009. ‘The human gene map for performance and health-related fitness phenotypes: the 2006-2007 update’, Med Sci Sports Exerc, 41: 35-73.

Brown, J. C., C. J. Miller, M. Posthumus, M. P. Schwellnus, and M. Collins. 2011. ‘The COL5A1 gene, ultra-marathon running performance, and range of motion’, Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 6: 485-96.

Bufe, B., P. A. Breslin, C. Kuhn, D. R. Reed, C. D. Tharp, J. P. Slack, U. K. Kim, D. Drayna, and W. Meyerhof. 2005. ‘The molecular basis of individual differences in phenylthiocarbamide and propylthiouracil bitterness perception’, Curr Biol, 15: 322-7.

Cahill, L. E., and A. El-Sohemy. 2009. ‘Vitamin C transporter gene polymorphisms, dietary vitamin C and serum ascorbic acid’, J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics, 2: 292-301.

Calvo, M., G. Rodas, M. Vallejo, A. Estruch, A. Arcas, C. Javierre, G. Viscor, and J. L. Ventura. 2002. ‘Heritability of explosive power and anaerobic capacity in humans’, Eur J Appl Physiol, 86: 218-25.

Chale-Rush, A., J. R. Burgess, and R. D. Mattes. 2007. ‘Evidence for human orosensory (taste?) sensitivity to free fatty acids’, Chem Senses, 32: 423-31.

Chatzipapas, C., S. Boikos, G. I. Drosos, K. Kazakos, G. Tripsianis, A. Serbis, S. Stergiopoulos, C. Tilkeridis, D. A. Verettas, and C. A. Stratakis. 2009. ‘Polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor gene and stress fractures’, Horm Metab Res, 41: 635-40.

Chaudhari, N., and S. D. Roper. 2010. ‘The cell biology of taste’, J Cell Biol, 190: 285-96.

Chilton, F. H., R. Dutta, L. M. Reynolds, S. Sergeant, R. A. Mathias, and M. C. Seeds. 2017. ‘Precision Nutrition and Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids: A Case for Personalized Supplementation Approaches for the Prevention and Management of Human Diseases’, Nutrients, 9.

Chiuve, S. E., E. L. Giovannucci, S. E. Hankinson, S. H. Zeisel, L. W. Dougherty, W. C. Willett, and E. B. Rimm. 2007. ‘The association between betaine and choline intakes and the plasma concentrations of homocysteine in women’, Am J Clin Nutr, 86: 1073-81.

Collins, M., M. Posthumus, and M. P. Schwellnus. 2010. ‘The COL1A1 gene and acute soft tissue ruptures’, Br J Sports Med, 44: 1063-4.

Contreras, A. V., N. Torres, and A. R. Tovar. 2013. ‘PPAR-alpha as a key nutritional and environmental sensor for metabolic adaptation’, Adv Nutr, 4: 439-52.

Corbin, K. D., and S. H. Zeisel. 2012. ‘Choline metabolism provides novel insights into nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and its progression’, Curr Opin Gastroenterol, 28: 159-65.

Corella, D., D. K. Arnett, K. L. Tucker, E. K. Kabagambe, M. Tsai, L. D. Parnell, C. Q. Lai, Y. C. Lee, D. Warodomwichit, P. N. Hopkins, and J. M. Ordovas. 2011. ‘A high intake of saturated fatty acids strengthens the association between the fat mass and obesity-associated gene and BMI’, J Nutr, 141: 2219-25.

Corella, D., G. Peloso, D. K. Arnett, S. Demissie, L. A. Cupples, K. Tucker, C. Q. Lai, L. D. Parnell, O. Coltell, Y. C. Lee, and J. M. Ordovas. 2009. ‘APOA2, dietary fat, and body mass index: replication of a gene-diet interaction in 3 independent populations’, Arch Intern Med, 169: 1897-906.

Corella, D., E. S. Tai, J. V. Sorli, S. K. Chew, O. Coltell, M. Sotos-Prieto, A. Garcia-Rios, R. Estruch, and J. M. Ordovas. 2011. ‘Association between the APOA2 promoter polymorphism and body weight in Mediterranean and Asian populations: replication of a gene-saturated fat interaction’, Int J Obes (Lond), 35: 666-75.

Cornelis, M. C., A. El-Sohemy, E. K. Kabagambe, and H. Campos. 2006. ‘Coffee, CYP1A2 genotype, and risk of myocardial infarction’, JAMA, 295: 1135-41.

Cornelis, M. C., L. Qi, P. Kraft, and F. B. Hu. 2009. ‘TCF7L2, dietary carbohydrate, and risk of type 2 diabetes in US women’, Am J Clin Nutr, 89: 1256-62.

Cullingford, T. 2008. ‘Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha and the ketogenic diet’, Epilepsia, 49 Suppl 8: 70-2.

da Costa, K. A., O. G. Kozyreva, J. Song, J. A. Galanko, L. M. Fischer, and S. H. Zeisel. 2006. ‘Common genetic polymorphisms affect the human requirement for the nutrient choline’, FASEB J, 20: 1336-44.

Dawson, M. I. 2000. ‘The importance of vitamin A in nutrition’, Curr Pharm Des, 6: 311-25.

de Luis, D. A., M. Gonzalez Sagrado, R. Aller, O. Izaola, and R. Conde. 2007. ‘Influence of the Trp64Arg polymorphism in the beta 3 adrenoreceptor gene on insulin resistance, adipocytokine response, and weight loss secondary to lifestyle modification in obese patients’, Eur J Intern Med, 18: 587-92.

Dengel, D. R., M. D. Brown, R. E. Ferrell, and M. A. Supiano. 2001. ‘Role of angiotensin converting enzyme genotype in sodium sensitivity in older hypertensives’, Am J Hypertens, 14: 1178-84.

Dringen, R. 2000. ‘Metabolism and functions of glutathione in brain’, Prog Neurobiol, 62: 649-71.

Droge, W., and R. Breitkreutz. 2000. ‘Glutathione and immune function’, Proc Nutr Soc, 59: 595-600.

Duffy, V. B., and L. M. Bartoshuk. 2000. ‘Food acceptance and genetic variation in taste’, J Am Diet Assoc, 100: 647-55.

Dupuis, J., C. Langenberg, I. Prokopenko, R. Saxena, N. Soranzo, A. U. Jackson, E. Wheeler, N. L. Glazer, N. Bouatia-Naji, A. L. Gloyn, C. M. Lindgren, R. Magi, A. P. Morris, J. Randall, T. Johnson, P. Elliott, D. Rybin, G. Thorleifsson, V. Steinthorsdottir, P. Henneman, H. Grallert, A. Dehghan, J. J. Hottenga, C. S. Franklin, P. Navarro, K. Song, A. Goel, J. R. Perry, J. M. Egan, T. Lajunen, N. Grarup, T. Sparso, A. Doney, B. F. Voight, H. M. Stringham, M. Li, S. Kanoni, P. Shrader, C. Cavalcanti-Proenca, M. Kumari, L. Qi, N. J. Timpson, C. Gieger, C. Zabena, G. Rocheleau, E. Ingelsson, P. An, J. O’Connell, J. Luan, A. Elliott, S. A. McCarroll, F. Payne, R. M. Roccasecca, F. Pattou, P. Sethupathy, K. Ardlie, Y. Ariyurek, B. Balkau, P. Barter, J. P. Beilby, Y. Ben-Shlomo, R. Benediktsson, A. J. Bennett, S. Bergmann, M. Bochud, E. Boerwinkle, A. Bonnefond, L. L. Bonnycastle, K. Borch-Johnsen, Y. Bottcher, E. Brunner, S. J. Bumpstead, G. Charpentier, Y. D. Chen, P. Chines, R. Clarke, L. J. Coin, M. N. Cooper, M. Cornelis, G. Crawford, L. Crisponi, I. N. Day, E. J. de Geus, J. Delplanque, C. Dina, M. R. Erdos, A. C. Fedson, A. Fischer-Rosinsky, N. G. Forouhi, C. S. Fox, R. Frants, M. G. Franzosi, P. Galan, M. O. Goodarzi, J. Graessler, C. J. Groves, S. Grundy, R. Gwilliam, U. Gyllensten, S. Hadjadj, G. Hallmans, N. Hammond, X. Han, A. L. Hartikainen, N. Hassanali, C. Hayward, S. C. Heath, S. Hercberg, C. Herder, A. A. Hicks, D. R. Hillman, A. D. Hingorani, A. Hofman, J. Hui, J. Hung, B. Isomaa, P. R. Johnson, T. Jorgensen, A. Jula, M. Kaakinen, J. Kaprio, Y. A. Kesaniemi, M. Kivimaki, B. Knight, S. Koskinen, P. Kovacs, K. O. Kyvik, G. M. Lathrop, D. A. Lawlor, O. Le Bacquer, C. Lecoeur, Y. Li, V. Lyssenko, R. Mahley, M. Mangino, A. K. Manning, M. T. Martinez-Larrad, J. B. McAteer, L. J. McCulloch, R. McPherson, C. Meisinger, D. Melzer, D. Meyre, B. D. Mitchell, M. A. Morken, S. Mukherjee, S. Naitza, N. Narisu, M. J. Neville, B. A. Oostra, M. Orru, R. Pakyz, C. N. Palmer, G. Paolisso, C. Pattaro, D. Pearson, J. F. Peden, N. L. Pedersen, M. Perola, A. F. Pfeiffer, I. Pichler, O. Polasek, D. Posthuma, S. C. Potter, A. Pouta, M. A. Province, B. M. Psaty, W. Rathmann, N. W. Rayner, K. Rice, S. Ripatti, F. Rivadeneira, M. Roden, O. Rolandsson, A. Sandbaek, M. Sandhu, S. Sanna, A. A. Sayer, P. Scheet, L. J. Scott, U. Seedorf, S. J. Sharp, B. Shields, G. Sigurethsson, E. J. Sijbrands, A. Silveira, L. Simpson, A. Singleton, N. L. Smith, U. Sovio, A. Swift, H. Syddall, A. C. Syvanen, T. Tanaka, B. Thorand, J. Tichet, A. Tonjes, T. Tuomi, A. G. Uitterlinden, K. W. van Dijk, M. van Hoek, D. Varma, S. Visvikis-Siest, V. Vitart, N. Vogelzangs, G. Waeber, P. J. Wagner, A. Walley, G. B. Walters, K. L. Ward, H. Watkins, M. N. Weedon, S. H. Wild, G. Willemsen, J. C. Witteman, J. W. Yarnell, E. Zeggini, D. Zelenika, B. Zethelius, G. Zhai, J. H. Zhao, M. C. Zillikens, Diagram Consortium, Giant Consortium, BPgen Consortium Global, I. B. Borecki, R. J. Loos, P. Meneton, P. K. Magnusson, D. M. Nathan, G. H. Williams, A. T. Hattersley, K. Silander, V. Salomaa, G. D. Smith, S. R. Bornstein, P. Schwarz, J. Spranger, F. Karpe, A. R. Shuldiner, C. Cooper, G. V. Dedoussis, M. Serrano-Rios, A. D. Morris, L. Lind, L. J. Palmer, F. B. Hu, P. W. Franks, S. Ebrahim, M. Marmot, W. H. Kao, J. S. Pankow, M. J. Sampson, J. Kuusisto, M. Laakso, T. Hansen, O. Pedersen, P. P. Pramstaller, H. E. Wichmann, T. Illig, I. Rudan, A. F. Wright, M. Stumvoll, H. Campbell, J. F. Wilson, Consortium Anders Hamsten on behalf of Procardis, Magic investigators, R. N. Bergman, T. A. Buchanan, F. S. Collins, K. L. Mohlke, J. Tuomilehto, T. T. Valle, D. Altshuler, J. I. Rotter, D. S. Siscovick, B. W. Penninx, D. I. Boomsma, P. Deloukas, T. D. Spector, T. M. Frayling, L. Ferrucci, A. Kong, U. Thorsteinsdottir, K. Stefansson, C. M. van Duijn, Y. S. Aulchenko, A. Cao, A. Scuteri, D. Schlessinger, M. Uda, A. Ruokonen, M. R. Jarvelin, D. M. Waterworth, P. Vollenweider, L. Peltonen, V. Mooser, G. R. Abecasis, N. J. Wareham, R. Sladek, P. Froguel, R. M. Watanabe, J. B. Meigs, L. Groop, M. Boehnke, M. I. McCarthy, J. C. Florez, and I. Barroso. 2010. ‘New genetic loci implicated in fasting glucose homeostasis and their impact on type 2 diabetes risk’, Nat Genet, 42: 105-16.

Dzialanski, Z., M. Barany, P. Engfeldt, A. Magnuson, L. A. Olsson, and T. K. Nilsson. 2016. ‘Lactase persistence versus lactose intolerance: Is there an intermediate phenotype?’, Clin Biochem, 49: 248-52.

Emanuele, D., I. Tuason, and Q. T. Edwards. 2014. ‘HFE-associated hereditary hemochromatosis: overview of genetics and clinical implications for nurse practitioners in primary care settings’, J Am Assoc Nurse Pract, 26: 113-22.

Enattah, N. S., T. Sahi, E. Savilahti, J. D. Terwilliger, L. Peltonen, and I. Jarvela. 2002. ‘Identification of a variant associated with adult-type hypolactasia’, Nat Genet, 30: 233-7.

England, A., A. M. Valdes, J. L. Slater-Jefferies, R. Gill, W. M. Howell, P. C. Calder, and R. F. Grimble. 2012. ‘Variants in the genes encoding TNF-alpha, IL-10, and GSTP1 influence the effect of alpha-tocopherol on inflammatory cell responses in healthy men’, Am J Clin Nutr, 95: 1461-7.

Eny, K. M., T. M. Wolever, B. Fontaine-Bisson, and A. El-Sohemy. 2008. ‘Genetic variant in the glucose transporter type 2 is associated with higher intakes of sugars in two distinct populations’, Physiol Genomics, 33: 355-60.

Eynon, N., A. J. Alves, M. Sagiv, C. Yamin, M. Sagiv, and Y. Meckel. 2010. ‘Interaction between SNPs in the NRF2 gene and elite endurance performance’, Physiol Genomics, 41: 78-81.

Eynon, N., M. Sagiv, Y. Meckel, J. A. Duarte, A. J. Alves, C. Yamin, M. Sagiv, E. Goldhammer, and J. Oliveira. 2009. ‘NRF2 intron 3 A/G polymorphism is associated with endurance athletes’ status’, J Appl Physiol (1985), 107: 76-9.

Fang, Y., J. B. van Meurs, P. Arp, J. P. van Leeuwen, A. Hofman, H. A. Pols, and A. G. Uitterlinden. 2009. ‘Vitamin D binding protein genotype and osteoporosis’, Calcif Tissue Int, 85: 85-93.

Ferrucci, L., J. R. Perry, A. Matteini, M. Perola, T. Tanaka, K. Silander, N. Rice, D. Melzer, A. Murray, C. Cluett, L. P. Fried, D. Albanes, A. M. Corsi, A. Cherubini, J. Guralnik, S. Bandinelli, A. Singleton, J. Virtamo, J. Walston, R. D. Semba, and T. M. Frayling. 2009. ‘Common variation in the beta-carotene 15,15′-monooxygenase 1 gene affects circulating levels of carotenoids: a genome-wide association study’, Am J Hum Genet, 84: 123-33.

Fohr, I. P., R. Prinz-Langenohl, A. Bronstrup, A. M. Bohlmann, H. Nau, H. K. Berthold, and K. Pietrzik. 2002. ‘5,10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase genotype determines the plasma homocysteine-lowering effect of supplementation with 5-methyltetrahydrofolate or folic acid in healthy young women’, Am J Clin Nutr, 75: 275-82.

Fry, A. C. 2004. ‘The role of resistance exercise intensity on muscle fibre adaptations’, Sports Med, 34: 663-79.

Fumagalli, M., I. Moltke, N. Grarup, F. Racimo, P. Bjerregaard, M. E. Jorgensen, T. S. Korneliussen, P. Gerbault, L. Skotte, A. Linneberg, C. Christensen, I. Brandslund, T. Jorgensen, E. Huerta-Sanchez, E. B. Schmidt, O. Pedersen, T. Hansen, A. Albrechtsen, and R. Nielsen. 2015. ‘Greenlandic Inuit show genetic signatures of diet and climate adaptation’, Science, 349: 1343-7.

Fushan, A. A., C. T. Simons, J. P. Slack, and D. Drayna. 2010. ‘Association between common variation in genes encoding sweet taste signaling components and human sucrose perception’, Chem Senses, 35: 579-92.

Fushan, A. A., C. T. Simons, J. P. Slack, A. Manichaikul, and D. Drayna. 2009. ‘Allelic polymorphism within the TAS1R3 promoter is associated with human taste sensitivity to sucrose’, Curr Biol, 19: 1288-93.

Ganesh, S. K., N. A. Zakai, F. J. van Rooij, N. Soranzo, A. V. Smith, M. A. Nalls, M. H. Chen, A. Kottgen, N. L. Glazer, A. Dehghan, B. Kuhnel, T. Aspelund, Q. Yang, T. Tanaka, A. Jaffe, J. C. Bis, G. C. Verwoert, A. Teumer, C. S. Fox, J. M. Guralnik, G. B. Ehret, K. Rice, J. F. Felix, A. Rendon, G. Eiriksdottir, D. Levy, K. V. Patel, E. Boerwinkle, J. I. Rotter, A. Hofman, J. G. Sambrook, D. G. Hernandez, G. Zheng, S. Bandinelli, A. B. Singleton, J. Coresh, T. Lumley, A. G. Uitterlinden, J. M. Vangils, L. J. Launer, L. A. Cupples, B. A. Oostra, J. J. Zwaginga, W. H. Ouwehand, S. L. Thein, C. Meisinger, P. Deloukas, M. Nauck, T. D. Spector, C. Gieger, V. Gudnason, C. M. van Duijn, B. M. Psaty, L. Ferrucci, A. Chakravarti, A. Greinacher, C. J. O’Donnell, J. C. Witteman, S. Furth, M. Cushman, T. B. Harris, and J. P. Lin. 2009. ‘Multiple loci influence erythrocyte phenotypes in the CHARGE Consortium’, Nat Genet, 41: 1191-8.

Garaulet, M., C. E. Smith, T. Hernandez-Gonzalez, Y. C. Lee, and J. M. Ordovas. 2011. ‘PPARgamma Pro12Ala interacts with fat intake for obesity and weight loss in a behavioural treatment based on the Mediterranean diet’, Mol Nutr Food Res, 55: 1771-9.

Gerster, H. 1997. ‘Vitamin A–functions, dietary requirements and safety in humans’, Int J Vitam Nutr Res, 67: 71-90.

Ghisari, M., H. Eiberg, M. Long, and E. C. Bonefeld-Jorgensen. 2014. ‘Polymorphisms in phase I and phase II genes and breast cancer risk and relations to persistent organic pollutant exposure: a case-control study in Inuit women’, Environ Health, 13: 19.

Giner, V., E. Poch, E. Bragulat, J. Oriola, D. Gonzalez, A. Coca, and A. De La Sierra. 2000. ‘Renin-angiotensin system genetic polymorphisms and salt sensitivity in essential hypertension’, Hypertension, 35: 512-7.

Glynn, R. J., P. M. Ridker, S. Z. Goldhaber, R. Y. Zee, and J. E. Buring. 2007. ‘Effects of random allocation to vitamin E supplementation on the occurrence of venous thromboembolism: report from the Women’s Health Study’, Circulation, 116: 1497-503.

Gomez-Gallego, F., J. R. Ruiz, A. Buxens, S. Altmae, M. Artieda, C. Santiago, M. Gonzalez-Freire, Z. Verde, D. Arteta, A. Martinez, D. Tejedor, J. I. Lao, J. Arenas, and A. Lucia. 2010. ‘Are elite endurance athletes genetically predisposed to lower disease risk?’, Physiol Genomics, 41: 82-90.

Gomez-Gallego, F., C. Santiago, M. Gonzalez-Freire, T. Yvert, C. A. Muniesa, L. Serratosa, S. Altmae, J. R. Ruiz, and A. Lucia. 2009. ‘The C allele of the AGT Met235Thr polymorphism is associated with power sports performance’, Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 34: 1108-11.

Graafmans, W. C., P. Lips, M. E. Ooms, J. P. van Leeuwen, H. A. Pols, and A. G. Uitterlinden. 1997. ‘The effect of vitamin D supplementation on the bone mineral density of the femoral neck is associated with vitamin D receptor genotype’, J Bone Miner Res, 12: 1241-5.

Guessous, I., M. Dobrinas, Z. Kutalik, M. Pruijm, G. Ehret, M. Maillard, S. Bergmann, J. S. Beckmann, D. Cusi, F. Rizzi, F. Cappuccio, J. Cornuz, F. Paccaud, V. Mooser, J. M. Gaspoz, G. Waeber, M. Burnier, P. Vollenweider, C. B. Eap, and M. Bochud. 2012. ‘Caffeine intake and CYP1A2 variants associated with high caffeine intake protect non-smokers from hypertension’, Hum Mol Genet, 21: 3283-92.

Harris, W. S., D. Mozaffarian, E. Rimm, P. Kris-Etherton, L. L. Rudel, L. J. Appel, M. M. Engler, M. B. Engler, and F. Sacks. 2009. ‘Omega-6 fatty acids and risk for cardiovascular disease: a science advisory from the American Heart Association Nutrition Subcommittee of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; and Council on Epidemiology and Prevention’, Circulation, 119: 902-7.

Haussler, M. R., C. A. Haussler, G. K. Whitfield, J. C. Hsieh, P. D. Thompson, T. K. Barthel, L. Bartik, J. B. Egan, Y. Wu, J. L. Kubicek, C. L. Lowmiller, E. W. Moffet, R. E. Forster, and P. W. Jurutka. 2010. ‘The nuclear vitamin D receptor controls the expression of genes encoding factors which feed the “Fountain of Youth” to mediate healthful aging’, J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol, 121: 88-97.

Hazra, A., P. Kraft, R. Lazarus, C. Chen, S. J. Chanock, P. Jacques, J. Selhub, and D. J. Hunter. 2009. ‘Genome-wide significant predictors of metabolites in the one-carbon metabolism pathway’, Hum Mol Genet, 18: 4677-87.

Hazra, A., P. Kraft, J. Selhub, E. L. Giovannucci, G. Thomas, R. N. Hoover, S. J. Chanock, and D. J. Hunter. 2008. ‘Common variants of FUT2 are associated with plasma vitamin B12 levels’, Nat Genet, 40: 1160-2.

He, Z., Y. Hu, L. Feng, Y. Lu, G. Liu, Y. Xi, L. Wen, and L. R. McNaughton. 2007. ‘NRF2 genotype improves endurance capacity in response to training’, Int J Sports Med, 28: 717-21.

Heianza, Y., D. Sun, T. Wang, T. Huang, G. A. Bray, F. M. Sacks, and L. Qi. 2017. ‘Starch Digestion-Related Amylase Genetic Variant Affects 2-Year Changes in Adiposity in Response to Weight-Loss Diets: The POUNDS Lost Trial’, Diabetes, 66: 2416-23.

Hein, D. W., M. A. Doll, A. J. Fretland, M. A. Leff, S. J. Webb, G. H. Xiao, U. S. Devanaboyina, N. A. Nangju, and Y. Feng. 2000. ‘Molecular genetics and epidemiology of the NAT1 and NAT2 acetylation polymorphisms’, Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 9: 29-42.

Henriques, B. J., R. K. Olsen, P. Bross, and C. M. Gomes. 2010. ‘Emerging roles for riboflavin in functional rescue of mitochondrial beta-oxidation flavoenzymes’, Curr Med Chem, 17: 3842-54.

Holick, M. F. 1996. ‘Vitamin D and bone health’, J Nutr, 126: 1159S-64S.

Hubal, M. J., H. Gordish-Dressman, P. D. Thompson, T. B. Price, E. P. Hoffman, T. J. Angelopoulos, P. M. Gordon, N. M. Moyna, L. S. Pescatello, P. S. Visich, R. F. Zoeller, R. L. Seip, and P. M. Clarkson. 2005. ‘Variability in muscle size and strength gain after unilateral resistance training’, Med Sci Sports Exerc, 37: 964-72.

Hughes, D. C., S. H. Day, Ahmetov, II, and A. G. Williams. 2011. ‘Genetics of muscle strength and power: polygenic profile similarity limits skeletal muscle performance’, J Sports Sci, 29: 1425-34.

Hustad, S., O. Midttun, J. Schneede, S. E. Vollset, T. Grotmol, and P. M. Ueland. 2007. ‘The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase 677C–>T polymorphism as a modulator of a B vitamin network with major effects on homocysteine metabolism’, Am J Hum Genet, 80: 846-55.

Huuskonen, A., M. Tanskanen, J. Lappalainen, N. Oksala, H. Kyrolainen, and M. Atalay. 2009. ‘A common variation in the promoter region of interleukin-6 gene shows association with exercise performance’, J Sports Sci Med, 8: 271-7.

Inagaki, T., P. Dutchak, G. Zhao, X. Ding, L. Gautron, V. Parameswara, Y. Li, R. Goetz, M. Mohammadi, V. Esser, J. K. Elmquist, R. D. Gerard, S. C. Burgess, R. E. Hammer, D. J. Mangelsdorf, and S. A. Kliewer. 2007. ‘Endocrine regulation of the fasting response by PPARalpha-mediated induction of fibroblast growth factor 21’, Cell Metab, 5: 415-25.

Jacobs, E. M., J. C. Hendriks, C. T. van Deursen, H. G. Kreeftenberg, R. A. de Vries, J. J. Marx, A. F. Stalenhoef, A. L. Verbeek, and D. W. Swinkels. 2009. ‘Severity of iron overload of proband determines serum ferritin levels in families with HFE-related hemochromatosis: the HEmochromatosis FAmily Study’, J Hepatol, 50: 174-83.

Jolliffe, D. A., R. T. Walton, C. J. Griffiths, and A. R. Martineau. 2016. ‘Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the vitamin D pathway associating with circulating concentrations of vitamin D metabolites and non-skeletal health outcomes: Review of genetic association studies’, J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol, 164: 18-29.

Jones, N., J. Kiely, B. Suraci, D. J. Collins, D. de Lorenzo, C. Pickering, and K. A. Grimaldi. 2016. ‘A genetic-based algorithm for personalized resistance training’, Biol Sport, 33: 117-26.

Jump, D. B., C. M. Depner, and S. Tripathy. 2012. ‘Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation and cardiovascular disease’, J Lipid Res, 53: 2525-45.

Karra, E., O. G. O’Daly, A. I. Choudhury, A. Yousseif, S. Millership, M. T. Neary, W. R. Scott, K. Chandarana, S. Manning, M. E. Hess, H. Iwakura, T. Akamizu, Q. Millet, C. Gelegen, M. E. Drew, S. Rahman, J. J. Emmanuel, S. C. Williams, U. U. Ruther, J. C. Bruning, D. J. Withers, F. O. Zelaya, and R. L. Batterham. 2013. ‘A link between FTO, ghrelin, and impaired brain food-cue responsivity’, J Clin Invest, 123: 3539-51.

Kaukinen, K., J. Partanen, M. Maki, and P. Collin. 2002. ‘HLA-DQ typing in the diagnosis of celiac disease’, Am J Gastroenterol, 97: 695-9.

Keller, K. L., L. C. Liang, J. Sakimura, D. May, C. van Belle, C. Breen, E. Driggin, B. J. Tepper, P. C. Lanzano, L. Deng, and W. K. Chung. 2012. ‘Common variants in the CD36 gene are associated with oral fat perception, fat preferences, and obesity in African Americans’, Obesity (Silver Spring), 20: 1066-73.

Keskitalo, K., H. Tuorila, T. D. Spector, L. F. Cherkas, A. Knaapila, K. Silventoinen, and M. Perola. 2007. ‘Same genetic components underlie different measures of sweet taste preference’, Am J Clin Nutr, 86: 1663-9.

Khoschnau, S., H. Melhus, A. Jacobson, H. Rahme, H. Bengtsson, E. Ribom, E. Grundberg, H. Mallmin, and K. Michaelsson. 2008. ‘Type I collagen alpha1 Sp1 polymorphism and the risk of cruciate ligament ruptures or shoulder dislocations’, Am J Sports Med, 36: 2432-6.

Kikuchi, N., and K. Nakazato. 2015. ‘Effective utilization of genetic information for athletes and coaches: focus on ACTN3 R577X polymorphism’, J Exerc Nutrition Biochem, 19: 157-64.

Kobylecki, C. J., S. Afzal, G. Davey Smith, and B. G. Nordestgaard. 2015. ‘Genetically high plasma vitamin C, intake of fruit and vegetables, and risk of ischemic heart disease and all-cause mortality: a Mendelian randomization study’, Am J Clin Nutr, 101: 1135-43.

Kohlmeier, M., K. A. da Costa, L. M. Fischer, and S. H. Zeisel. 2005. ‘Genetic variation of folate-mediated one-carbon transfer pathway predicts susceptibility to choline deficiency in humans’, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 102: 16025-30.

Krawczyk, M., M. Wolska, S. Schwartz, F. Gruenhage, B. Terjung, P. Portincasa, T. Sauerbruch, and F. Lammert. 2008. ‘Concordance of genetic and breath tests for lactose intolerance in a tertiary referral centre’, J Gastrointestin Liver Dis, 17: 135-9.

Lakka, H. M., T. A. Lakka, T. Rankinen, T. Rice, D. C. Rao, A. S. Leon, J. S. Skinner, and C. Bouchard. 2006. ‘The TNF-alpha G-308A polymorphism is associated with C-reactive protein levels: the HERITAGE Family Study’, Vascul Pharmacol, 44: 377-83.

Lemaitre, R. N., T. Tanaka, W. Tang, A. Manichaikul, M. Foy, E. K. Kabagambe, J. A. Nettleton, I. B. King, L. C. Weng, S. Bhattacharya, S. Bandinelli, J. C. Bis, S. S. Rich, D. R. Jacobs, Jr., A. Cherubini, B. McKnight, S. Liang, X. Gu, K. Rice, C. C. Laurie, T. Lumley, B. L. Browning, B. M. Psaty, Y. D. Chen, Y. Friedlander, L. Djousse, J. H. Wu, D. S. Siscovick, A. G. Uitterlinden, D. K. Arnett, L. Ferrucci, M. Fornage, M. Y. Tsai, D. Mozaffarian, and L. M. Steffen. 2011. ‘Genetic loci associated with plasma phospholipid n-3 fatty acids: a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies from the CHARGE Consortium’, PLoS Genet, 7: e1002193.

Leung, W. C., S. Hessel, C. Meplan, J. Flint, V. Oberhauser, F. Tourniaire, J. E. Hesketh, J. von Lintig, and G. Lietz. 2009. ‘Two common single nucleotide polymorphisms in the gene encoding beta-carotene 15,15′-monoxygenase alter beta-carotene metabolism in female volunteers’, FASEB J, 23: 1041-53.

Li, H., P. W. Kantoff, E. Giovannucci, M. F. Leitzmann, J. M. Gaziano, M. J. Stampfer, and J. Ma. 2005. ‘Manganese superoxide dismutase polymorphism, prediagnostic antioxidant status, and risk of clinical significant prostate cancer’, Cancer Res, 65: 2498-504.

Li, K., T. Huang, J. Zheng, K. Wu, and D. Li. 2014. ‘Effect of marine-derived n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on C-reactive protein, interleukin 6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha: a meta-analysis’, PLoS One, 9: e88103.

Li, S., J. H. Zhao, J. Luan, R. N. Luben, S. A. Rodwell, K. T. Khaw, K. K. Ong, N. J. Wareham, and R. J. Loos. 2010. ‘Cumulative effects and predictive value of common obesity-susceptibility variants identified by genome-wide association studies’, Am J Clin Nutr, 91: 184-90.

Li, X., L. Staszewski, H. Xu, K. Durick, M. Zoller, and E. Adler. 2002. ‘Human receptors for sweet and umami taste’, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 99: 4692-6.

Lietz, G., A. Oxley, W. Leung, and J. Hesketh. 2012. ‘Single nucleotide polymorphisms upstream from the beta-carotene 15,15′-monoxygenase gene influence provitamin A conversion efficiency in female volunteers’, J Nutr, 142: 161S-5S.

Lin, J., M. R. Forman, J. Wang, H. B. Grossman, M. Chen, C. P. Dinney, E. T. Hawk, and X. Wu. 2012. ‘Intake of red meat and heterocyclic amines, metabolic pathway genes and bladder cancer risk’, Int J Cancer, 131: 1892-903.

Liu, X. G., L. J. Tan, S. F. Lei, Y. J. Liu, H. Shen, L. Wang, H. Yan, Y. F. Guo, D. H. Xiong, X. D. Chen, F. Pan, T. L. Yang, Y. P. Zhang, Y. Guo, N. L. Tang, X. Z. Zhu, H. Y. Deng, S. Levy, R. R. Recker, C. J. Papasian, and H. W. Deng. 2009. ‘Genome-wide association and replication studies identified TRHR as an important gene for lean body mass’, Am J Hum Genet, 84: 418-23.

Lopez-Leon, S., C. Tuvblad, and D. A. Forero. 2016. ‘Sports genetics: the PPARA gene and athletes’ high ability in endurance sports. A systematic review and meta-analysis’, Biol Sport, 33: 3-6.

Lu, Y., E. J. Feskens, M. E. Dolle, S. Imholz, W. M. Verschuren, M. Muller, and J. M. Boer. 2010. ‘Dietary n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake interacts with FADS1 genetic variation to affect total and HDL-cholesterol concentrations in the Doetinchem Cohort Study’, Am J Clin Nutr, 92: 258-65.

Luan, J., P. O. Browne, A. H. Harding, D. J. Halsall, S. O’Rahilly, V. K. Chatterjee, and N. J. Wareham. 2001. ‘Evidence for gene-nutrient interaction at the PPARgamma locus’, Diabetes, 50: 686-9.

Lucia, A., F. Gomez-Gallego, I. Barroso, M. Rabadan, F. Bandres, A. F. San Juan, J. L. Chicharro, U. Ekelund, S. Brage, C. P. Earnest, N. J. Wareham, and P. W. Franks. 2005. ‘PPARGC1A genotype (Gly482Ser) predicts exceptional endurance capacity in European men’, J Appl Physiol (1985), 99: 344-8.

Ma, F., Y. Yang, X. Li, F. Zhou, C. Gao, M. Li, and L. Gao. 2013. ‘The association of sport performance with ACE and ACTN3 genetic polymorphisms: a systematic review and meta-analysis’, PLoS One, 8: e54685.

Ma, X., S. Bacci, W. Mlynarski, L. Gottardo, T. Soccio, C. Menzaghi, E. Iori, R. A. Lager, A. R. Shroff, E. V. Gervino, R. W. Nesto, M. T. Johnstone, N. A. Abumrad, A. Avogaro, V. Trischitta, and A. Doria. 2004. ‘A common haplotype at the CD36 locus is associated with high free fatty acid levels and increased cardiovascular risk in Caucasians’, Hum Mol Genet, 13: 2197-205.

Maciejewska, A., M. Sawczuk, P. Cieszczyk, I. A. Mozhayskaya, and Ahmetov, II. 2012. ‘The PPARGC1A gene Gly482Ser in Polish and Russian athletes’, J Sports Sci, 30: 101-13.

Mandel, A. L., and P. A. Breslin. 2012. ‘High endogenous salivary amylase activity is associated with improved glycemic homeostasis following starch ingestion in adults’, J Nutr, 142: 853-8.

Markworth, J. F., C. J. Mitchell, R. F. D’Souza, K. M. M. Aasen, B. R. Durainayagam, S. M. Mitchell, A. H. C. Chan, A. J. Sinclair, M. Garg, and D. Cameron-Smith. 2018. ‘Arachidonic acid supplementation modulates blood and skeletal muscle lipid profile with no effect on basal inflammation in resistance exercise trained men’, Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids, 128: 74-86.

Mathias, R. A., C. Vergara, L. Gao, N. Rafaels, T. Hand, M. Campbell, C. Bickel, P. Ivester, S. Sergeant, K. C. Barnes, and F. H. Chilton. 2010. ‘FADS genetic variants and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism in a homogeneous island population’, J Lipid Res, 51: 2766-74.

Matsuo, T., Y. Nakata, Y. Katayama, M. Iemitsu, S. Maeda, T. Okura, M. K. Kim, H. Ohkubo, K. Hotta, and K. Tanaka. 2009. ‘PPARG genotype accounts for part of individual variation in body weight reduction in response to calorie restriction’, Obesity (Silver Spring), 17: 1924-31.

McCole, S. D., A. R. Shuldiner, M. D. Brown, G. E. Moore, R. E. Ferrell, K. R. Wilund, A. Huberty, L. W. Douglass, and J. M. Hagberg. 2004. ‘Beta2- and beta3-adrenergic receptor polymorphisms and exercise hemodynamics in postmenopausal women’, J Appl Physiol (1985), 96: 526-30.

McNulty, H., K. Pentieva, L. Hoey, and M. Ward. 2008. ‘Homocysteine, B-vitamins and CVD’, Proc Nutr Soc, 67: 232-7.

Megiorni, F., and A. Pizzuti. 2012. ‘HLA-DQA1 and HLA-DQB1 in Celiac disease predisposition: practical implications of the HLA molecular typing’, J Biomed Sci, 19: 88.

Melis, M., G. Sollai, P. Muroni, R. Crnjar, and I. T. Barbarossa. 2015. ‘Associations between orosensory perception of oleic acid, the common single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1761667 and rs1527483) in the CD36 gene, and 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) tasting’, Nutrients, 7: 2068-84.

Memisoglu, A., F. B. Hu, S. E. Hankinson, J. E. Manson, I. De Vivo, W. C. Willett, and D. J. Hunter. 2003. ‘Interaction between a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma gene polymorphism and dietary fat intake in relation to body mass’, Hum Mol Genet, 12: 2923-9.

Mennella, J. A., M. Y. Pepino, and D. R. Reed. 2005. ‘Genetic and environmental determinants of bitter perception and sweet preferences’, Pediatrics, 115: e216-22.

Miyamoto-Mikami, E., H. Murakami, H. Tsuchie, H. Takahashi, N. Ohiwa, M. Miyachi, T. Kawahara, and N. Fuku. 2017. ‘Lack of association between genotype score and sprint/power performance in the Japanese population’, J Sci Med Sport, 20: 98-103.

Monsuur, A. J., P. I. de Bakker, A. Zhernakova, D. Pinto, W. Verduijn, J. Romanos, R. Auricchio, A. Lopez, D. A. van Heel, J. B. Crusius, and C. Wijmenga. 2008. ‘Effective detection of human leukocyte antigen risk alleles in celiac disease using tag single nucleotide polymorphisms’, PLoS One, 3: e2270.

Morrissey, P. A., and P. J. Sheehy. 1999. ‘Optimal nutrition: vitamin E’, Proc Nutr Soc, 58: 459-68.

Mytilineou, C., B. C. Kramer, and J. A. Yabut. 2002. ‘Glutathione depletion and oxidative stress’, Parkinsonism Relat Disord, 8: 385-7.

Nagy, D., E. Bogacsi-Szabo, A. Varkonyi, B. Csanyi, A. Czibula, O. Bede, B. Tari, and I. Rasko. 2009. ‘Prevalence of adult-type hypolactasia as diagnosed with genetic and lactose hydrogen breath tests in Hungarians’, Eur J Clin Nutr, 63: 909-12.

Nguyen, T. V., L. M. Esteban, C. P. White, S. F. Grant, J. R. Center, E. M. Gardiner, and J. A. Eisman. 2005. ‘Contribution of the collagen I alpha1 and vitamin D receptor genes to the risk of hip fracture in elderly women’, J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 90: 6575-9.

Nock, N. L., D. Tang, A. Rundle, C. Neslund-Dudas, A. T. Savera, C. H. Bock, K. G. Monaghan, A. Koprowski, N. Mitrache, J. J. Yang, and B. A. Rybicki. 2007. ‘Associations between smoking, polymorphisms in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) metabolism and conjugation genes and PAH-DNA adducts in prostate tumors differ by race’, Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 16: 1236-45.

Oh, S. Y., S. J. Lee, Y. H. Jung, H. J. Lee, and H. J. Han. 2015. ‘Arachidonic acid promotes skin wound healing through induction of human MSC migration by MT3-MMP-mediated fibronectin degradation’, Cell Death Dis, 6: e1750.

Palatini, P., E. Benetti, L. Mos, G. Garavelli, A. Mazzer, S. Cozzio, C. Fania, and E. Casiglia. 2015. ‘Association of coffee consumption and CYP1A2 polymorphism with risk of impaired fasting glucose in hypertensive patients’, Eur J Epidemiol, 30: 209-17.

Palatini, P., G. Ceolotto, F. Ragazzo, F. Dorigatti, F. Saladini, I. Papparella, L. Mos, G. Zanata, and M. Santonastaso. 2009. ‘CYP1A2 genotype modifies the association between coffee intake and the risk of hypertension’, J Hypertens, 27: 1594-601.

Palli, D., G. Masala, M. Peluso, L. Gaspari, V. Krogh, A. Munnia, S. Panico, C. Saieva, R. Tumino, P. Vineis, and S. Garte. 2004. ‘The effects of diet on DNA bulky adduct levels are strongly modified by GSTM1 genotype: a study on 634 subjects’, Carcinogenesis, 25: 577-84.

Parada, H., Jr., S. E. Steck, R. J. Cleveland, S. L. Teitelbaum, A. I. Neugut, R. M. Santella, and M. D. Gammon. 2017. ‘Genetic polymorphisms of phase I metabolizing enzyme genes, their interaction with lifetime grilled and smoked meat intake, and breast cancer incidence’, Ann Epidemiol, 27: 208-14 e1.

Pavanello, S., P. Simioli, G. Mastrangelo, S. Lupi, G. Gabbani, P. Gregorio, and E. Clonfero. 2002. ‘Role of metabolic polymorphisms NAT2 and CYP1A2 on urinary mutagenicity after a pan-fried hamburger meal’, Food Chem Toxicol, 40: 1139-44.

Pepino, M. Y., L. Love-Gregory, S. Klein, and N. A. Abumrad. 2012. ‘The fatty acid translocase gene CD36 and lingual lipase influence oral sensitivity to fat in obese subjects’, J Lipid Res, 53: 561-6.

Phillips, C. M., E. Kesse-Guyot, R. McManus, S. Hercberg, D. Lairon, R. Planells, and H. M. Roche. 2012. ‘High dietary saturated fat intake accentuates obesity risk associated with the fat mass and obesity-associated gene in adults’, J Nutr, 142: 824-31.

Pichler, I., C. Minelli, S. Sanna, T. Tanaka, C. Schwienbacher, S. Naitza, E. Porcu, C. Pattaro, F. Busonero, A. Zanon, A. Maschio, S. A. Melville, M. Grazia Piras, D. L. Longo, J. Guralnik, D. Hernandez, S. Bandinelli, E. Aigner, A. T. Murphy, V. Wroblewski, F. Marroni, I. Theurl, C. Gnewuch, E. Schadt, M. Mitterer, D. Schlessinger, L. Ferrucci, D. R. Witcher, A. A. Hicks, G. Weiss, M. Uda, and P. P. Pramstaller. 2011. ‘Identification of a common variant in the TFR2 gene implicated in the physiological regulation of serum iron levels’, Hum Mol Genet, 20: 1232-40.

Poch, E., D. Gonzalez, V. Giner, E. Bragulat, A. Coca, and A. de La Sierra. 2001. ‘Molecular basis of salt sensitivity in human hypertension. Evaluation of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system gene polymorphisms’, Hypertension, 38: 1204-9.

Posthumus, M., M. Collins, J. Cook, C. J. Handley, W. J. Ribbans, R. K. Smith, M. P. Schwellnus, and S. M. Raleigh. 2010. ‘Components of the transforming growth factor-beta family and the pathogenesis of human Achilles tendon pathology–a genetic association study’, Rheumatology (Oxford), 49: 2090-7.

Posthumus, M., A. V. September, M. Keegan, D. O’Cuinneagain, W. Van der Merwe, M. P. Schwellnus, and M. Collins. 2009. ‘Genetic risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament ruptures: COL1A1 gene variant’, Br J Sports Med, 43: 352-6.

Posthumus, M., A. V. September, D. O’Cuinneagain, W. van der Merwe, M. P. Schwellnus, and M. Collins. 2009. ‘The COL5A1 gene is associated with increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament ruptures in female participants’, Am J Sports Med, 37: 2234-40.

Prior, S. J., J. M. Hagberg, C. M. Paton, L. W. Douglass, M. D. Brown, J. C. McLenithan, and S. M. Roth. 2006. ‘DNA sequence variation in the promoter region of the VEGF gene impacts VEGF gene expression and maximal oxygen consumption’, Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 290: H1848-55.

Ramos-Lopez, O., S. Roman, E. Martinez-Lopez, N. A. Fierro, K. Gonzalez-Aldaco, A. Jose-Abrego, and A. Panduro. 2016. ‘CD36 genetic variation, fat intake and liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C virus infection’, World J Hepatol, 8: 1067-74.

Rasinpera, H., E. Savilahti, N. S. Enattah, M. Kuokkanen, N. Totterman, H. Lindahl, I. Jarvela, and K. L. Kolho. 2004. ‘A genetic test which can be used to diagnose adult-type hypolactasia in children’, Gut, 53: 1571-6.

Reed, D. R., T. Tanaka, and A. H. McDaniel. 2006. ‘Diverse tastes: Genetics of sweet and bitter perception’, Physiol Behav, 88: 215-26.

Renstrom, F., D. Shungin, I. Johansson, Magic Investigators, J. C. Florez, G. Hallmans, F. B. Hu, and P. W. Franks. 2011. ‘Genetic predisposition to long-term nondiabetic deteriorations in glucose homeostasis: Ten-year follow-up of the GLACIER study’, Diabetes, 60: 345-54.

Robson-Ansley, P., M. Barwood, J. Canavan, S. Hack, C. Eglin, S. Davey, J. Hewitt, J. Hull, and L. Ansley. 2009. ‘The effect of repeated endurance exercise on IL-6 and sIL-6R and their relationship with sensations of fatigue at rest’, Cytokine, 45: 111-6.

Robson-Ansley, P. J., A. Blannin, and M. Gleeson. 2007. ‘Elevated plasma interleukin-6 levels in trained male triathletes following an acute period of intense interval training’, Eur J Appl Physiol, 99: 353-60.

Rodrigues, G. K., C. M. Resende, D. F. Durso, L. A. Rodrigues, J. L. Silva, R. C. Reis, S. S. Pereira, D. C. Ferreira, G. R. Franco, and J. Alvarez-Leite. 2015. ‘A single FTO gene variant rs9939609 is associated with body weight evolution in a multiethnic extremely obese population that underwent bariatric surgery’, Nutrition, 31: 1344-50.

Ross, A. C., and E. M. Gardner. 1994. ‘The function of vitamin A in cellular growth and differentiation, and its roles during pregnancy and lactation’, Adv Exp Med Biol, 352: 187-200.

Ruchat, S. M., T. Rankinen, S. J. Weisnagel, T. Rice, D. C. Rao, R. N. Bergman, C. Bouchard, and L. Perusse. 2010. ‘Improvements in glucose homeostasis in response to regular exercise are influenced by the PPARG Pro12Ala variant: results from the HERITAGE Family Study’, Diabetologia, 53: 679-89.

Running, C. A., B. A. Craig, and R. D. Mattes. 2015. ‘Oleogustus: The Unique Taste of Fat’, Chem Senses, 40: 507-16.

Sanada, H., J. E. Jones, and P. A. Jose. 2011. ‘Genetics of salt-sensitive hypertension’, Curr Hypertens Rep, 13: 55-66.

Santiago, C., J. R. Ruiz, A. Buxens, M. Artieda, D. Arteta, M. Gonzalez-Freire, G. Rodriguez-Romo, S. Altmae, J. I. Lao, F. Gomez-Gallego, and A. Lucia. 2011. ‘Trp64Arg polymorphism in ADRB3 gene is associated with elite endurance performance’, Br J Sports Med, 45: 147-9.

Schuler, R., M. A. Osterhoff, T. Frahnow, M. Mohlig, J. Spranger, D. Stefanovski, R. N. Bergman, L. Xu, A. C. Seltmann, S. Kabisch, S. Hornemann, M. Kruse, and A. F. H. Pfeiffer. 2017. ‘Dietary Fat Intake Modulates Effects of a Frequent ACE Gene Variant on Glucose Tolerance with association to Type 2 Diabetes’, Sci Rep, 7: 9234.

Schuler, R., M. A. Osterhoff, T. Frahnow, A. C. Seltmann, A. Busjahn, S. Kabisch, L. Xu, A. S. Mosig, J. Spranger, M. Mohlig, S. Hornemann, M. Kruse, and A. F. Pfeiffer. 2017. ‘High-Saturated-Fat Diet Increases Circulating Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme, Which Is Enhanced by the rs4343 Polymorphism Defining Persons at Risk of Nutrient-Dependent Increases of Blood Pressure’, J Am Heart Assoc, 6.

Schwahn, B., and R. Rozen. 2001. ‘Polymorphisms in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene: clinical consequences’, Am J Pharmacogenomics, 1: 189-201.

Semba, R. D. 1998. ‘The role of vitamin A and related retinoids in immune function’, Nutr Rev, 56: S38-48.

September, A. V., J. Cook, C. J. Handley, L. van der Merwe, M. P. Schwellnus, and M. Collins. 2009. ‘Variants within the COL5A1 gene are associated with Achilles tendinopathy in two populations’, Br J Sports Med, 43: 357-65.

Sim, E., A. Abuhammad, and A. Ryan. 2014. ‘Arylamine N-acetyltransferases: from drug metabolism and pharmacogenetics to drug discovery’, Br J Pharmacol, 171: 2705-25.

Simoneau, J. A., and C. Bouchard. 1995. ‘Genetic determinism of fiber type proportion in human skeletal muscle’, FASEB J, 9: 1091-5.

Simons, P. J., J. A. Kummer, J. J. Luiken, and L. Boon. 2011. ‘Apical CD36 immunolocalization in human and porcine taste buds from circumvallate and foliate papillae’, Acta Histochem, 113: 839-43.

Slater, N. A., M. L. Rager, D. E. Havrda, and A. F. Harralson. 2017. ‘Genetic Variation in CYP2R1 and GC Genes Associated With Vitamin D Deficiency Status’, J Pharm Pract, 30: 31-36.

Sonestedt, E., B. Gullberg, U. Ericson, E. Wirfalt, B. Hedblad, and M. Orho-Melander. 2011. ‘Association between fat intake, physical activity and mortality depending on genetic variation in FTO’, Int J Obes (Lond), 35: 1041-9.

Sonestedt, E., C. Roos, B. Gullberg, U. Ericson, E. Wirfalt, and M. Orho-Melander. 2009. ‘Fat and carbohydrate intake modify the association between genetic variation in the FTO genotype and obesity’, Am J Clin Nutr, 90: 1418-25.

Song, J., K. A. da Costa, L. M. Fischer, M. Kohlmeier, L. Kwock, S. Wang, and S. H. Zeisel. 2005. ‘Polymorphism of the PEMT gene and susceptibility to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)’, FASEB J, 19: 1266-71.

Spencer, M. D., T. J. Hamp, R. W. Reid, L. M. Fischer, S. H. Zeisel, and A. A. Fodor. 2011. ‘Association between composition of the human gastrointestinal microbiome and development of fatty liver with choline deficiency’, Gastroenterology, 140: 976-86.

Stathopoulou, M. G., G. V. Dedoussis, G. Trovas, E. V. Theodoraki, A. Katsalira, I. A. Dontas, N. Hammond, P. Deloukas, and G. P. Lyritis. 2011. ‘The role of vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms in the bone mineral density of Greek postmenopausal women with low calcium intake’, J Nutr Biochem, 22: 752-7.

Steinbrecher, A., S. Rohrmann, M. Timofeeva, A. Risch, E. Jansen, and J. Linseisen. 2010. ‘Dietary glucosinolate intake, polymorphisms in selected biotransformation enzymes, and risk of prostate cancer’, Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 19: 135-43.

Tai, E. S., S. Demissie, L. A. Cupples, D. Corella, P. W. Wilson, E. J. Schaefer, and J. M. Ordovas. 2002. ‘Association between the PPARA L162V polymorphism and plasma lipid levels: the Framingham Offspring Study’, Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, 22: 805-10.

Tanaka, T., P. Scheet, B. Giusti, S. Bandinelli, M. G. Piras, G. Usala, S. Lai, A. Mulas, A. M. Corsi, A. Vestrini, F. Sofi, A. M. Gori, R. Abbate, J. Guralnik, A. Singleton, G. R. Abecasis, D. Schlessinger, M. Uda, and L. Ferrucci. 2009. ‘Genome-wide association study of vitamin B6, vitamin B12, folate, and homocysteine blood concentrations’, Am J Hum Genet, 84: 477-82.

Tanaka, T., J. Shen, G. R. Abecasis, A. Kisialiou, J. M. Ordovas, J. M. Guralnik, A. Singleton, S. Bandinelli, A. Cherubini, D. Arnett, M. Y. Tsai, and L. Ferrucci. 2009. ‘Genome-wide association study of plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids in the InCHIANTI Study’, PLoS Genet, 5: e1000338.

Thorsby, P. M., K. Midthjell, N. Gjerlaugsen, J. Holmen, K. F. Hanssen, K. I. Birkeland, and J. P. Berg. 2009. ‘Comparison of genetic risk in three candidate genes (TCF7L2, PPARG, KCNJ11) with traditional risk factors for type 2 diabetes in a population-based study–the HUNT study’, Scand J Clin Lab Invest, 69: 282-7.

Timpson, N. J., N. G. Forouhi, M. J. Brion, R. M. Harbord, D. G. Cook, P. Johnson, A. McConnachie, R. W. Morris, S. Rodriguez, J. Luan, S. Ebrahim, S. Padmanabhan, G. Watt, K. R. Bruckdorfer, N. J. Wareham, P. H. Whincup, S. Chanock, N. Sattar, D. A. Lawlor, and G. Davey Smith. 2010. ‘Genetic variation at the SLC23A1 locus is associated with circulating concentrations of L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C): evidence from 5 independent studies with >15,000 participants’, Am J Clin Nutr, 92: 375-82.

Tonutti, E., and N. Bizzaro. 2014. ‘Diagnosis and classification of celiac disease and gluten sensitivity’, Autoimmun Rev, 13: 472-6.

Tsianos, G. I., E. Evangelou, A. Boot, M. C. Zillikens, J. B. van Meurs, A. G. Uitterlinden, and J. P. Ioannidis. 2010. ‘Associations of polymorphisms of eight muscle- or metabolism-related genes with performance in Mount Olympus marathon runners’, J Appl Physiol (1985), 108: 567-74.

Usher, C. L., R. E. Handsaker, T. Esko, M. A. Tuke, M. N. Weedon, A. R. Hastie, H. Cao, J. E. Moon, S. Kashin, C. Fuchsberger, A. Metspalu, C. N. Pato, M. T. Pato, M. I. McCarthy, M. Boehnke, D. M. Altshuler, T. M. Frayling, J. N. Hirschhorn, and S. A. McCarroll. 2015. ‘Structural forms of the human amylase locus and their relationships to SNPs, haplotypes and obesity’, Nat Genet, 47: 921-5.

van Heel, D. A., K. Hunt, L. Greco, and C. Wijmenga. 2005. ‘Genetics in coeliac disease’, Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol, 19: 323-39.

Vimaleswaran, K. S., S. Li, J. H. Zhao, J. Luan, S. A. Bingham, K. T. Khaw, U. Ekelund, N. J. Wareham, and R. J. Loos. 2009. ‘Physical activity attenuates the body mass index-increasing influence of genetic variation in the FTO gene’, Am J Clin Nutr, 90: 425-8.

Wang, G., E. Mikami, L. L. Chiu, D. E. Perini A, M. Deason, N. Fuku, M. Miyachi, K. Kaneoka, H. Murakami, M. Tanaka, L. L. Hsieh, S. S. Hsieh, D. Caporossi, F. Pigozzi, A. Hilley, R. Lee, S. D. Galloway, J. Gulbin, V. A. Rogozkin, Ahmetov, II, N. Yang, K. N. North, S. Ploutarhos, H. E. Montgomery, M. E. Bailey, and Y. P. Pitsiladis. 2013. ‘Association analysis of ACE and ACTN3 in elite Caucasian and East Asian swimmers’, Med Sci Sports Exerc, 45: 892-900.

Wang, H., M. Iwasaki, C. A. Haiman, S. Kono, L. R. Wilkens, T. O. Keku, S. I. Berndt, S. Tsugane, and L. Le Marchand. 2015. ‘Interaction between Red Meat Intake and NAT2 Genotype in Increasing the Risk of Colorectal Cancer in Japanese and African Americans’, PLoS One, 10: e0144955.

Wang, J., A. D. Joshi, R. Corral, K. D. Siegmund, L. L. Marchand, M. E. Martinez, R. W. Haile, D. J. Ahnen, R. S. Sandler, P. Lance, and M. C. Stern. 2012. ‘Carcinogen metabolism genes, red meat and poultry intake, and colorectal cancer risk’, Int J Cancer, 130: 1898-907.

Wang, T. J., F. Zhang, J. B. Richards, B. Kestenbaum, J. B. van Meurs, D. Berry, D. P. Kiel, E. A. Streeten, C. Ohlsson, D. L. Koller, L. Peltonen, J. D. Cooper, P. F. O’Reilly, D. K. Houston, N. L. Glazer, L. Vandenput, M. Peacock, J. Shi, F. Rivadeneira, M. I. McCarthy, P. Anneli, I. H. de Boer, M. Mangino, B. Kato, D. J. Smyth, S. L. Booth, P. F. Jacques, G. L. Burke, M. Goodarzi, C. L. Cheung, M. Wolf, K. Rice, D. Goltzman, N. Hidiroglou, M. Ladouceur, N. J. Wareham, L. J. Hocking, D. Hart, N. K. Arden, C. Cooper, S. Malik, W. D. Fraser, A. L. Hartikainen, G. Zhai, H. M. Macdonald, N. G. Forouhi, R. J. Loos, D. M. Reid, A. Hakim, E. Dennison, Y. Liu, C. Power, H. E. Stevens, L. Jaana, R. S. Vasan, N. Soranzo, J. Bojunga, B. M. Psaty, M. Lorentzon, T. Foroud, T. B. Harris, A. Hofman, J. O. Jansson, J. A. Cauley, A. G. Uitterlinden, Q. Gibson, M. R. Jarvelin, D. Karasik, D. S. Siscovick, M. J. Econs, S. B. Kritchevsky, J. C. Florez, J. A. Todd, J. Dupuis, E. Hypponen, and T. D. Spector. 2010. ‘Common genetic determinants of vitamin D insufficiency: a genome-wide association study’, Lancet, 376: 180-8.

Wansink, B. 2010. ‘From mindless eating to mindlessly eating better’, Physiol Behav, 100: 454-63.

Weiss, E. P., J. Brandauer, O. Kulaputana, I. A. Ghiu, C. R. Wohn, D. A. Phares, A. R. Shuldiner, and J. M. Hagberg. 2007. ‘FABP2 Ala54Thr genotype is associated with glucoregulatory function and lipid oxidation after a high-fat meal in sedentary nondiabetic men and women’, Am J Clin Nutr, 85: 102-8.

Wellcome Trust Case Control, Consortium. 2007. ‘Genome-wide association study of 14,000 cases of seven common diseases and 3,000 shared controls’, Nature, 447: 661-78.

Widen, E., M. Lehto, T. Kanninen, J. Walston, A. R. Shuldiner, and L. C. Groop. 1995. ‘Association of a polymorphism in the beta 3-adrenergic-receptor gene with features of the insulin resistance syndrome in Finns’, N Engl J Med, 333: 348-51.

Witschi, J. C., H. B. Houser, and A. S. Littell. 1970. ‘Preformed vitamin A, carotene, and total vitamin A activity in usual adult diets’, J Am Diet Assoc, 57: 13-6.

Wolfarth, B., T. Rankinen, S. Muhlbauer, J. Scherr, M. R. Boulay, L. Perusse, R. Rauramaa, and C. Bouchard. 2007. ‘Association between a beta2-adrenergic receptor polymorphism and elite endurance performance’, Metabolism, 56: 1649-51.

Wolters, V. M., and C. Wijmenga. 2008. ‘Genetic background of celiac disease and its clinical implications’, Am J Gastroenterol, 103: 190-5.

Womack, C. J., M. J. Saunders, M. K. Bechtel, D. J. Bolton, M. Martin, N. D. Luden, W. Dunham, and M. Hancock. 2012. ‘The influence of a CYP1A2 polymorphism on the ergogenic effects of caffeine’, J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 9: 7.

Yamin, C., J. A. Duarte, J. M. Oliveira, O. Amir, M. Sagiv, N. Eynon, M. Sagiv, and R. E. Amir. 2008. ‘IL6 (-174) and TNFA (-308) promoter polymorphisms are associated with systemic creatine kinase response to eccentric exercise’, Eur J Appl Physiol, 104: 579-86.

Yang, N., D. G. MacArthur, J. P. Gulbin, A. G. Hahn, A. H. Beggs, S. Easteal, and K. North. 2003. ‘ACTN3 genotype is associated with human elite athletic performance’, Am J Hum Genet, 73: 627-31.

Yang, Q. H., L. D. Botto, M. Gallagher, J. M. Friedman, C. L. Sanders, D. Koontz, S. Nikolova, J. D. Erickson, and K. Steinberg. 2008. ‘Prevalence and effects of gene-gene and gene-nutrient interactions on serum folate and serum total homocysteine concentrations in the United States: findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey DNA Bank’, Am J Clin Nutr, 88: 232-46.

Yazdanpanah, N., A. G. Uitterlinden, M. C. Zillikens, M. Jhamai, F. Rivadeneira, A. Hofman, R. de Jonge, J. Lindemans, H. A. Pols, and J. B. van Meurs. 2008. ‘Low dietary riboflavin but not folate predicts increased fracture risk in postmenopausal women homozygous for the MTHFR 677 T allele’, J Bone Miner Res, 23: 86-94.

Zarebska, A., S. Sawczyn, M. Kaczmarczyk, K. Ficek, A. Maciejewska-Karlowska, M. Sawczuk, A. Leonska-Duniec, J. Eider, A. Grenda, and P. Cieszczyk. 2013. ‘Association of rs699 (M235T) polymorphism in the AGT gene with power but not endurance athlete status’, J Strength Cond Res, 27: 2898-903.

Zeisel, S. H. 2006. ‘Choline: critical role during fetal development and dietary requirements in adults’, Annu Rev Nutr, 26: 229-50.

Zeisel, S.H. 2011. ‘Nutritional genomics: defining the dietary requirement and effects of choline’, J Nutr, 141: 531-4.

Zhang, X., Q. Qi, C. Zhang, S. R. Smith, F. B. Hu, F. M. Sacks, G. A. Bray, and L. Qi. 2012. ‘FTO genotype and 2-year change in body composition and fat distribution in response to weight-loss diets: the POUNDS LOST Trial’, Diabetes, 61: 3005-11.

Zhao, T., M. Nzekebaloudou, and J. lv. 2010. ‘Ala54Thr polymorphism of fatty acid-binding protein 2 gene and fasting blood lipids: a meta-analysis’, Atherosclerosis, 210: 461-7.

Zhu, W., Z. Wang, W. H. W. Tang, and S. L. Hazen. 2017. ‘Gut Microbe-Generated Trimethylamine N-Oxide From Dietary Choline Is Prothrombotic in Subjects’, Circulation, 135: 1671-73.

Zittoun, J., and R. Zittoun. 1999. ‘Modern clinical testing strategies in cobalamin and folate deficiency’, Semin Hematol, 36: 35-46.

Zubillaga, P., M. C. Vidales, I. Zubillaga, V. Ormaechea, N. Garcia-Urkia, and J. C. Vitoria. 2002. ‘HLA-DQA1 and HLA-DQB1 genetic markers and clinical presentation in celiac disease’, J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, 34: 548-54.

Hang tight!
After you complete your purchase you will be redirected to our intake form, so don’t close this window!